Many of us have heard about catalytic converters and know vaguely which they filter the exhaust fumes to reduce the amount of harmful compounds which are released in the environment. Many of us will also be conscious once they get it wrong it’s one of the more costly car repairs as it must be replaced like a unit. Hopefully your catalytic converter will live an extended and happy life, but just just in case, here are a couple info about them to enable you to realise why they’re so important.
What is a catalytic converter?
In your car’s exhaust system, the catalytic converter sits within the car involving the engine and the muffler. Although it looks exactly like the muffler on the exterior, inside is really a core of ceramic beads engrossed in pores which are coated with certain catalysts. Included in this are palladium, platinum and rhodium. Platinum is definitely an oxidation catalyst, rhodium can be a reduction catalyst and palladium does both.
What makes it work?
The catalytic converter works to slow up the emission of harmful gases such as co, nitrogen oxides and hydrocarbons. Every one of the gases from your engine move across the converter and the muffler. Because they pass over the ceramic beads a chemical reaction occurs which changes the gases into water vapour and other harmless gases. The oxidation catalysts convert the dangerous and hydrocarbons into carbon dioxide and water, even though the reduction catalysts convert nitrogen oxide into its constituent elements of nitrogen and oxygen.
How do they go wrong?
Catalytic converters can be clogged, but checking this can be a hardship on your automobile repair technician. It’ll frequently have to be removed to determine if the engine’s performance then improves; when it does then a it can be blocked. Signs which you might experience are sluggishness on acceleration and reduced gas mileage. Other regions of the car also can increase the risk for converter to fail – bad exhaust valves or dodgy plugs bringing about unburned fuel overheating your catalytic converter. Finally, it is usually effectively poisoned the use of a bad fuel – leaded petrol particularly, although this is less common seeing that new petrol cars are powered by unleaded fuel.
What might you do today to maintain your catalytic converter in good condition?
Using the right fuel is essential, and not adding way too many fuel additives (it’s best to avoid these generally speaking unless recommended by your garage). Ensuring the ignition strategy is functional could also help maintain the converter because it stop unburnt fuel getting inside.
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