People transport in Vienna isn’t alone about the subway. You will find driving busses, trams and also the overground train. There isn’t a perfect date for your first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It had been a very complicated system. The first date inside the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 plus a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is just a few changing times.
1925 was the year, the location where the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified through the town of Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places inside the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the next years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The 3rd first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was known as a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last however, not the very least, in the year 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been around the U4 line for 2 years.
I tend to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification happened time later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 seems to me being acceptable to U Bahn Netz Wien.
The center of a lifetime
After World War II, it was decided in 1946 to come back two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project of the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it absolutely was aimed at an urban area of three or four million inhabitants, and also today isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public areas roads ended up being often solved in favor of private transport: As with numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical such as other cities. The duties with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. Over these years, there was clearly also a regrettable politicization from the subway question, since the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that the Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion with the centrality of the inner city.
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Brian Rooks February 14th, 2018
Posted In: Writing and Speaking