The public transport in Vienna is not alone about the subway. You can find driving busses, trams and also the overground train. There isn’t an exact date for your first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It was a really complicated system. The very first date inside the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which can be nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 and a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is only a few changing times.
1925 was the year, the location where the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified from the city of Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places inside the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the following several years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The next first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was known as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last however, not minimal, around 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been around the U4 line for 2 years.
I am inclined to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification happened some time later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 seems to me to become acceptable to Vienna metro.
The center of a lifetime
After The second world war, the decission was taken in 1946 to come back two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project from the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it had been targeted at an urban area of three to four million inhabitants, as well as today just isn’t on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public areas roads ended up being often solved in support of private transport: As with numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical such as other cities. The jobs with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. During these years, there was also an unfortunate politicization of the subway question, because the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that the Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion from the centrality of the inner city.
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Brian Rooks February 14th, 2018
Posted In: Writing and Speaking