Vienna Underground – A Short History

The general public transport in Vienna is not alone around the subway. There are driving busses, trams and also the overground train. There isn’t a precise date for the first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It had been a very complicated system. The initial date within the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which can be nearly the same today. We speak from Line 4 and a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is only a a few changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the season, in which the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified from the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places within the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 and in the subsequent many years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The third first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was called a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last but not minimal, in the year 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently about the U4 line for two years.

1898
I am inclined to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification occurred a while later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 generally seems to me to become acceptable to Metro Wien.

The Middle of a lifetime
After Wwii, it was decided in 1946 to come back two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project of the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it absolutely was targeted at a city of three or four million inhabitants, as well as today just isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public places roads ended up being often solved in support of private transport: As with many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as in other cities. The duties from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. During these years, there was clearly also a regrettable politicization from the subway question, as the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that the Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion of the centrality from the inner city.
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