The public transport in Vienna is not alone on the subway. You will find driving busses, trams and also the overground train. You don’t have a precise date for your first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It was a really complicated system. The first date inside the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method which can be nearly the same today. We speak from Line 4 plus a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is only a matter of changing times.
1925 was the entire year, the location where the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified from the city of Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places within the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the subsequent many years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The next first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was known as a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last but not minimal, around 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been on the U4 line for two years.
I am inclined to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification occurred a while later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 appears to me being acceptable to Wien U Bahn.
The Middle of a lifetime
After The second world war, it was decided in 1946 to come back two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project from the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it had been targeted at a town of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and also today just isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public places roads ended up being often solved in favor of private transport: As with many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as with other cities. The jobs of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. In these years, there is also an unfortunate politicization from the subway question, since the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that a Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion with the centrality with the inner city.
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Brian Rooks February 14th, 2018
Posted In: Writing and Speaking