The general public transport in Vienna is not alone around the subway. There are driving busses, trams and the overground train. There isn’t an exact date for the first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was a really complicated system. The first date in the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something that is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 and a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is just a matter of changing times.
1925 was the year, in which the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified from the town of Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places within the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 plus the next years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The 3rd first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is termed as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last however, not minimal, around 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently about the U4 line for just two years.
I am inclined to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification occurred a while later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 seems to me to be acceptable to U Bahnnetz Wien.
The Middle of the Century
After World War II, the decission was taken in 1946 to return two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project of the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it had been directed at a town of three or four million inhabitants, as well as today isn’t on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public roads ended up being often solved in favor of private transport: Such as numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical such as other cities. The tasks of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. In these years, there was clearly also an unfortunate politicization with the subway question, as the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed that the Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion of the centrality of the inner city.
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Brian Rooks February 14th, 2018
Posted In: Writing and Speaking