Vienna Underground – A brief History

People transport in Vienna just isn’t alone on the subway. You will find driving busses, trams and the overground train. You don’t have a perfect date for that first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It had been an extremely complicated system. The initial date inside the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something that is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 plus a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is simply a a few changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the season, where the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified from the town of Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places in the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 plus the next many years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The 3rd first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was known as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last although not the least, in 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently on the U4 line for two years.

1898
I tend to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification happened a while later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 seems to me to become acceptable to U Bahn Wien.

The Middle of the Century
After The second world war, the decission was taken in 1946 to return two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project with the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it had been targeted at an urban area of three to four million inhabitants, and even today isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public roads was then often solved and only private transport: As in numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as in other cities. The tasks from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. During these years, there is also a regrettable politicization with the subway question, as the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed that the Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion with the centrality with the inner city.
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