People transport in Vienna isn’t alone on the subway. You will find driving busses, trams and the overground train. There isn’t a precise date for the first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It had been a very complicated system. The first date within the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system that is nearly the same today. We speak from Line 4 along with a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is just a few changing times.
1925 was the year, where the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified from the city of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places within the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the subsequent years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The 3rd first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was called a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last but not minimal, around 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been around the U4 line for 2 years.
I tend to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification took place a while later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 appears to me to become acceptable to Wien U-Bahn.
The Middle of a lifetime
After Wwii, the decission was taken in 1946 to return two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project from the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it had been aimed at an urban area of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, as well as today is not on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public roads was then often solved and only private transport: As in numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as in other cities. The jobs of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. In these years, there was clearly also an unlucky politicization with the subway question, because the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed that the Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion from the centrality with the inner city.
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Brian Rooks February 14th, 2018
Posted In: Writing and Speaking