People transport in Vienna just isn’t alone about the subway. You will find driving busses, trams and also the overground train. There isn’t an exact date for that first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It had been a really complicated system. The initial date in the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system that is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 and a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is just a few changing times.
1925 was the season, in which the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified by the town of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places within the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the subsequent several years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The next first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was termed as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last however, not minimal, in 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently around the U4 line for just two years.
I am inclined to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification took place time later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 generally seems to me being acceptable to Wien U Bahn.
The Middle of the Century
After The second world war, the decission was taken in 1946 to go back two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project of the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it absolutely was directed at an urban area of three to four million inhabitants, and even today is not around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public areas roads was then often solved and only private transport: As in a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as with other cities. The duties with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. In these years, there was clearly also an unlucky politicization with the subway question, since the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed a Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion from the centrality with the inner city.
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Brian Rooks February 14th, 2018
Posted In: Writing and Speaking