People transport in Vienna isn’t alone around the subway. You can find driving busses, trams and also the overground train. You don’t have a perfect date for the first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was a really complicated system. The first date within the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method which is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 plus a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is only a a few changing times.
1925 was the year, where the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified through the town of Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places within the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 plus the following several years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The 3rd first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is known as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last however, not the very least, around 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been on the U4 line for 2 years.
I tend to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification occurred time later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 generally seems to me being acceptable to Vienna underground map.
The midst of a lifetime
After World War II, the decission was taken in 1946 to return two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project with the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it had been directed at a city of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and even today is not around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public roads ended up being often solved in favor of private transport: Such as many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical as in other cities. The tasks of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. During these years, there was also an unlucky politicization from the subway question, because the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO and the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that the Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion of the centrality with the inner city.
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Brian Rooks February 14th, 2018
Posted In: Writing and Speaking