Dry eye syndrome is one of most widely used diagnosed conditions by eye doctors. Recent reports indicate that people experiencing diabetes have more than 50% chances of contracting this problem. Symptoms connected with dry eyes include fluctuating vision, burning, itching, scratchy sensation, light sensitivity, redness, and increased eye watering. This disorder affects both eyes in most situations. However, many diabetic patients might not know that they’re experiencing this condition. Should you be diabetic and facing eye problems, usually do not rush to conclusions yet. Here is what you should know concerning the relationship between dry eyes and diabetes, along with the treatment options available.


The bond between Dry Eyes and Diabetes:

According to research, most cases with the dry eye syndrome linked with diabetes occur because of three main factors. These are:

• Peripheral neuropathy
• Insulin insufficiency
• Inflammation
Several eye complications are accompanied with that of type 2 diabetes, ones the artificial tears Disease is one of the most popular because of the alteration in the tear proteins from that of the healthy people .Diabetes may damage certain nerves in the body. From the eyes, such damage can block the device that controls tear secretion. When this occurs, the lacrimal glands are not able to produce sufficient tears, bringing about dry eyes. Insulin deficiency is another symptom connected with diabetes. Apart from controlling blood glucose levels, insulin posseses an major effect, on several glands in the body. From the eyes, lacrimal gland metabolism is influenced by insulin. Should there be low insulin in the body, the biomechanical balance with the eyes is disrupted leading to ocular dryness. Another results of diabetes is lacrimal gland inflammation which can be because of abnormal lacrimal secretion. If this gland is inflamed, tear secretion is affected, which ends up in dry eyes.

Remedial Measures:

Step one towards remedying and preventing dry eyes in those with diabetes, is ensuring control of glucose levels. Very high blood sugar levels may affect the tear gland and it is response towards dry eyes. Also, increased level of glucose within the blood may affect the quality of tears, which again leads to dry eyes. Studies show that dry eye syndrome is much more common in diabetic patients who may have poor blood sugar levels control.

Medical therapy choices conveniently obtainable. Various techniques is true, with regards to the underlying cause. Patients can usually be treated with artificial tear supplements, that have been built to provide almost the same qualities because the deficient tear components. Blink Tears Lubricating Eye Drops is one such option. Medications which increase the output of tears within the lacrimal gland can also be taken.

Tear ducts that drain the tears out of your eyes right to the nose can also be blocked with the help of tear duct plugs and also laser cautery. Which means how much tears stated in the eyes does not drain fast, maintaining your eyes lubricated a bit longer.

People are also advised to improve cold fish as well as other health supplements, which may have an increased amount of omega-3 essential fatty acids. These nutrients improve the quantity and quality of tears. Other ways of controlling this condition include helping the level of humidity within a nearby environment, with the aid of moisture goggles as well as eyeglasses, which prevent excessive moisture loss through the eyes.

In summary, the present scientific studies have discovered the prevalence of Dry Eye Disease in those with Diabetes mellitus

27.7% 1 and because the prevalence of diabetes continues increasing in many countries it is vital for eye care specialists to comprehend the text between dry eyes and diabetes. This can ensure that such people are properly diagnosed, treated and managed.

References
1 Najafi et al, 2013 Dry eye and it is correlation to diabetes microvascular complications in those with diabetes type 2 symptoms mellitus, Journal of Diabetes and Its Complications.
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November 30th, 2016

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